Names of God

Bible Study Notes: El Elyon & El Roi

Learning about God as El Roi & El Elyon can help us face life's difficult situations with courage and integrity.

OPENING QUESTION

This week we studied the God who sees: Where is the prettiest place you’ve been?   Or where is your most favorite place to go in God’s creation?

INTRO

Last week we talked about God as Elohim: Creator!

Today we are talking about God as El Elyon & El Roi: God Most High & the God Who Sees

These two go hand-in-hand in my mind because God cannot be sovereign if he cannot see what is happening here on earth. Also, what good is it if He sees everything that happens here on earth, but has no power to control it?

We learned last week our purpose in being created by Elohim.

Can anyone remember what we learned about why we were created?

Recap: We were created to glorify God. We defined that as living in such a way as to give others the correct opinion or estimate of God. We spent the majority of our time talking about the people who drive us nuts and knowing that God created them just as fearfully and wonderfully as He did each of us. We also talked about how we must love these people as God loves them. That is the only way to give them a correct opinion or estimate of God.

 

Today we are going to talk about the sovereign God who sees all.   El Elyon, El Roi.

We are going to learn how we can respond in the difficult situations in life. In your homework you looked at the story of Job. In our teaching today we will look at another possibly familiar story, but we are going to look at it thru the lens of considering God as El Elyon & El Roi! So before we get there, let’s take a few minutes to talk about what you learned this week.

 

SMALL GROUP QUESTIONS

Chapter 3 (pg 27): 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8

Chapter 4 (pg 34): 2, 3, 5

 

TEACHING

On page 15, Kay opens with Daniel 4:34 & 35. Can some read that please?

34 “But at the end of that period, I, Nebuchadnezzar, raised my eyes toward heaven and my reason returned to me, and I blessed the Most High and praised and honored Him who lives forever;

For His dominion is an everlasting dominion,

And His kingdom endures from generation to generation.

35 “All the inhabitants of the earth are accounted as nothing,

But He does according to His will in the host of heaven

And among the inhabitants of earth;

And no one can ward off His hand

Or say to Him, ‘What have You done?’

 

Pasted from <https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Daniel%204&version=NASB>

For us to really understand the amazing statement this is, we must understand who Nebuchadnezzar really is. So today, we are going to look at Daniel chapter 3.   Just one chapter before the verses we read in our study this week.

 

So let’s turn there now: Daniel Chapter 3. If you are following along online and don’t have a bible with you, click here.

 

Daniel chapter 3 is the story of three young men that most of us know as Shadrach, Meshach & Abednego.

 

We first meet them in Daniel 1. Let’s start by reading Daniel 1:1-7.

 

So here we have some amazing young men who have been taken out of their country, what does the scripture say happened to these three men?

Name changed

Learned a new language

Learned Babylonian literature

Served the Babylonian king: Nebuchadnezzar

NOT BY CHOICE!

God in His Sovereignty allowed this to happen.

 

So these men have already been taken from the comforts of home and are living in a foreign land.

Now let’s jump over to chapter 3 and see what is happening in this land, we will learn more about King Nebuchadnezzar & these three stellar men.

 

Read chapter 3

 

Recap:

What happened?

What stands out to about these men?

 

      1. They know their God. He is a jealous God who says in the 10 commandments, “You shall have no other god’s before me.”
      2. They have integrity. Even when everyone else bowed down they did not. This tells me that they understand God as El Roi. They understand that God sees all.
      3. They know God as El Elyon. They understand that it is NOT Nebuchadnezzar who will determine their future, but it is El Elyon who writes down each of days in His book before one of them comes to be. (Psalm 139:16)
      4. They live their life based on the truth they know, rather than the circumstances they don’t understand.

 

Let’s break each of these points down a little bit.

1. They know their God.

      Just as we saw in the story of Job in your homework, we see here again the importance of knowing who God is.       That is one of the many reasons I am so glad you are in this study! God will honor the sacrifices you are making to be here and to study His word. Knowing Him is the only way I know how to make it through the everyday trials of life, and the upheavals that come our way.

 

2. They have integrity.

      These young men knew that their lives were not hidden from God. They knew just as David knew in Psalm 139:7-12 when David penned the words we looked at last week:

 

Where can I go from your Spirit?

    Where can I flee from your presence?

8 If I go up to the heavens, you are there;

    if I make my bed in the depths, you are there.

9 If I rise on the wings of the dawn,

    if I settle on the far side of the sea,

10 even there your hand will guide me,

    your right hand will hold me fast.

11 If I say, “Surely the darkness will hide me

    and the light become night around me,”

12 even the darkness will not be dark to you;

    the night will shine like the day,

    for darkness is as light to you.

 

Pasted from <https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Psalm+139&version=NIV>

 

These young men knew that God knew their every action, and He knew Nebuchadnezzar’s too. That is why they had the courage to NOT BOW DOWN TO THE IDOLS! They knew the consequences of disobeying God would be much greater than disobeying man.   They had integrity to make the right choice even when it wasn’t popular…it was even against the law.

 

3. They know God as El Elyon.

      If S, M & A did not know God as El Elyon, they would not have been able to respond say to Nebuchadnezzar’s question, “Then what god will be able to rescue you from my hand?,” with these famous words:

 

16 Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego replied to him, “King Nebuchadnezzar, we do not need to defend ourselves before you in this matter. 17 If we are thrown into the blazing furnace, the God we serve is able to deliver us from it, and he will deliver us[c] from Your Majesty’s hand. 18 But even if he does not, we want you to know, Your Majesty, that we will not serve your gods or worship the image of gold you have set up.”

Pasted from <https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Daniel+3&version=NIV>

Holy Cow! I do not have that kind of courage! Do you?

Here their words carefully, they know God’s power.   They tell Neb, “The God we serve is able to deliver us!” And then, they make the most remarkable statement of faith, one that inspires me every time I read! I have goose bumps even now…”But even if he does not, we want you to know, Your Majesty, that we will not serve your gods or worship the image of gold you have set up.”

 

4. They live their life based on the truth they know, rather than the circumstances they don’t understand.

      This is where our challenge comes today. Can we stand like S, M & A and say we will not give in even if we don’t get our way?

 

Remember last week we discovered our purpose? We learned that Elohim created us on purpose to live in such a way as to give others a correct estimate or opinion of Him.

 

How do you think these three men did living out their purpose?

 

Let’s look back at chapter 3 verse 24-30.

 

24 Then King Nebuchadnezzar leaped to his feet in amazement and asked his advisers, “Weren’t there three men that we tied up and threw into the fire?”

They replied, “Certainly, Your Majesty.”

25 He said, “Look! I see four men walking around in the fire, unbound and unharmed, and the fourth looks like a son of the gods.”

26 Nebuchadnezzar then approached the opening of the blazing furnace and shouted, “Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, servants of the Most High God, come out! Come here!”

So Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego came out of the fire, 27 and the satraps, prefects, governors and royal advisers crowded around them. They saw that the fire had not harmed their bodies, nor was a hair of their heads singed; their robes were not scorched, and there was no smell of fire on them.

28 Then Nebuchadnezzar said, “Praise be to the God of Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, who has sent his angel and rescued his servants! They trusted in him and defied the king’s command and were willing to give up their lives rather than serve or worship any god except their own God. 29 Therefore I decree that the people of any nation or language who say anything against the God of Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego be cut into pieces and their houses be turned into piles of rubble, for no other god can save in this way.”

30 Then the king promoted Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego in the province of Babylon.

Wow! I would say that is a drastic change of heart! Wouldn’t you?

In the verses we read in our study this week, Daniel 4:34-35, we hear King Neb profess God as Most High again, let’s circle back to the beginning:

34 “But at the end of that period, I, Nebuchadnezzar, raised my eyes toward heaven and my reason returned to me, and I blessed the Most High and praised and honored Him who lives forever;

For His dominion is an everlasting dominion,

And His kingdom endures from generation to generation.

35 “All the inhabitants of the earth are accounted as nothing,

But He does according to His will in the host of heaven

And among the inhabitants of earth;

And no one can ward off His hand

Or say to Him, ‘What have You done?’

 

We are created by Elohim, to bring Him glory, to live in such a way as to help other people understand who he is.

We can do this more courageously by knowing God as El Elyon and El Roi.

In your homework this week you looked at the story of Job, and today’s story is equally as dramatic. Knowing God as El Elyon and El Roi can definitely help us when we are facing the BIG situations in life.

But these names can also comfort us and give us courage in the everyday situations. How do you think these two names can help you in your everyday decisions and circumstances?

Spend a few minutes reflecting on all that you have learned.  Take a few quiet minutes to listen to what God is speaking to your heart!

Let’s take courage to live out our purpose with the knowledge of the truth of the One who created us and loves us!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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